Treasury Fatca Agreements

The Treasury FATCA Agreements: An Overview

The Foreign Account Tax Compliance Act (FATCA) was signed into law in 2010 to prevent individuals and entities from using offshore accounts to evade US taxes. The Treasury Department was tasked with implementing the law, which included the negotiation of Intergovernmental Agreements (IGAs) with foreign governments.

What are the Treasury FATCA Agreements?

The Treasury FATCA Agreements are IGAs designed to facilitate the implementation of FATCA in foreign jurisdictions. There are two types of IGAs: Model 1 and Model 2. Model 1 IGAs provide for the automatic exchange of information between the US and foreign governments, while Model 2 IGAs require foreign financial institutions (FFIs) to report information directly to the IRS.

To date, the Treasury has signed IGAs with over 100 jurisdictions, including major financial centers such as Switzerland, the United Kingdom, and Singapore. These agreements have enabled the US to collect information on US taxpayers with foreign financial accounts.

What are the benefits of Treasury FATCA Agreements?

The primary benefit of the Treasury FATCA Agreements is the increased transparency and information exchange between the US and foreign governments. This has enabled the US to more effectively combat offshore tax evasion and enforce US tax laws. In addition, the agreements have encouraged FFIs to become compliant with FATCA requirements, as failure to do so could result in significant penalties and other consequences.

What are the challenges of Treasury FATCA Agreements?

One challenge of Treasury FATCA Agreements is the complexity of the reporting requirements. FFIs must collect and report detailed information on their US account holders, including their names, addresses, and taxpayer identification numbers. This can be difficult and costly for FFIs, particularly those in developing countries with limited resources.

Another challenge is the potential for conflicts between the Treasury FATCA Agreements and foreign privacy laws. Some jurisdictions have expressed concerns over the extent of the information that is required to be reported under FATCA, and have sought to negotiate exemptions or modifications to the agreements.


The Treasury FATCA Agreements have significantly increased the US government`s ability to detect offshore tax evasion and enforce US tax laws. While there are challenges associated with their implementation, the benefits of increased transparency and information exchange far outweigh the costs. As FATCA continues to evolve, it is likely that the Treasury will continue to negotiate agreements with additional foreign jurisdictions in the years to come.