Subject Verb Agreement Rules for Class 5

Writing in proper English requires writers to follow certain grammatical rules, including subject-verb agreement. This rule requires the correct agreement between a subject and its associated verb – in other words, it ensures that the verb agrees with the number and person of the subject.

Subject-verb agreement is an essential part of a student’s grammar learning journey. But before delving into the subject-verb agreement rules, let us first understand what a subject is.

A subject is a noun or pronoun that performs the action of a sentence or is the focus of the sentence. The verb, on the other hand, is the action or the doing word in a sentence.

Subject-verb agreement rule for singular subjects:

When the subject of a sentence is singular, the verb must be singular as well. For instance, in the sentence, “The boy plays football,” the word “boy” is a singular subject, so the verb must be singular too. The correct verb form should be “play.”

Subject-verb agreement rule for plural subjects:

When the subject of a sentence is plural, the verb must also be plural. For example, in the sentence, “The boys play football,” the word “boys” is a plural subject, so the verb must be plural too. The correct verb form should be “play.”

Subject-verb agreement rule for compound subjects:

Compound subjects are more complex and involve more than one subject. When there is a compound subject, the verb must agree with the number of the compound subject. Take, for example, the sentence “The boy and the girl are playing football.” The compound subject is “the boy and the girl.” Since ‘boy’ is singular and ‘girl’ is singular, the verb must be plural to agree with the number of subjects. The correct verb form should be “are playing.”

Subject-verb agreement rule for indefinite pronouns:

Indefinite pronouns are pronouns that do not specifically point to a particular person, place, or thing. They include words like “all,” “some,” “none,” “anyone,” and “everybody.” When such pronouns are the subject of a sentence, the verb should be singular. For example, in the sentence, “Everyone is enjoying the party,” the word “everyone” is an indefinite pronoun and should be treated as singular. The correct verb form should be “is enjoying.”

In conclusion, subject-verb agreement rules are essential for students to grasp as they form the foundation of grammatical correctness in writing. It is essential for students to understand the relationship between a subject and its corresponding verb, especially in more complex sentences. By mastering these rules, students can confidently communicate their ideas in a clear and concise manner.